Kraus, L., Hibell, B.

Whence and whither: strengths and future challenges of ESPAD [Editorial]


Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs, 31 (4), 319-322

In their editorial, Ludwig Kraus and Björn Hibell discuss the importance of ESPAD and note that the common methodology and procedures have helped researchers make substantial scientific contributions to the field. They also discuss the challenges in sustaining comparability and data quality while adapting to various kinds of changes (new substances and data collection tools, changing research agendas and financing models).


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