|Vergleich von Teilnehmern an Tabakentwöhnungskursen in u ...|
Bühler, A., Metz, K. & Kröger, C. (2004). Vergleich von Teilnehmern an Tabakentwöhnungskursen in unterschiedlichen Settings - Welche Implikationen ergeben sich für die Tabakentwöhnung? [Comparison of participants in smoking therapies in different treatment settings - Implications for matching smokers to different smoking cessation interventions?]. Suchtmedizin, 6 (1), 52-60.
|Three groups of smokers that participated in smoking cessation in different settings are compared concerning demographic and smoking-related characteristics. Aims: Improvement of the effects of smoking cessation by matching interventions to specific target groups.|
Method: Sample: 503 smokers at smoking cessation clinics, 109 smokers with somatic disorders in rehabilitation hospitals, 276 smokers in rehabilitation hospitals for alcohol disorders.
Results: Differences between the three groups were found in almost all variables. Each group shows specific characteristics. The participants in rehabilitation hospitals smoke fewer cigarettes and show the lowest rate of tobacco dependence. The motivation to quit is health-related. Smokers in the outpatient group setting report the highest confidence in quitting. This group is the most homogeneous one. Alcohol dependent smokers report the lowest self-efficacy concerning quitting.
Conclusions: For all groups behavioural oriented interventions with specific components should be offered. For smokers in outpatient settings, the maintenance of abstinence should be an important part of intervention. Reasons for quitting and enhancement of motivation should be focussed in the rehabilitation setting on smokers with somatic disorders. Smoking cessation for alcoholdependent smokers should specifically try to increase self-efficacy.