|Effectiveness of telephone booster sessions for smoking ...|
Flöter, S., Metz, K., Piontek, D., Gradl, S., Donath, C. & Kröger, C. (2007, Oktober). Effectiveness of telephone booster sessions for smoking mothers. Poster, 4th European Conference on Tobacco or Health 2007, Basel, Schweiz.
|Background. Telephone counseling for smoking cessation has been shown to be effective in increasing abstinence rates. However women appear to benefit less from this form of intervention than men. A possible reason for this finding is that the counseling style typically utilized does not match the special needs of women.Aim. Aim of the present study is to investigate the effectiveness of differenttelephone booster sessions after a smoking cessation program in a sample of smoking women.Method. 960 smokers from 21 mother-child inpatient rehabilitation centers are randomly assigned to a control group or to one of two telephone intervention groups after their participation in an inpatient quit-smoking-program. The first form of counseling features a directive conversation style with smoking specific content, the second style is non-directive and generally supportive. Smoking status of participants is assessed six and twelve months after the inpatient part of the intervention.Results. Up to date 335 mothers have participated in all measurement points of the study. Data show a continuous abstinence rate of 23.5% (6 months) and 20.0% (12 months), respectively. There are no significant differences between the three study groups: control group 21.7% (6 months)/17.5% (12 months); first intervention group 27.5%/25.8%; second intervention group 23.8%/19.7%.Conclusion. With a continuous abstinence rate of 23.5% after six months and of 20.0% after one year the smoking cessation program shows good overall success. Participants do not seem to additionally benefit from a telephone booster intervention, independent of its special content/style. Conclusions for practice are discussed.|