|Telephone counseling for smoking mothers: different cont ...|
Flöter, S., Metz, K., Donath, C., Piontek, D., Gradl, S. & Kröger, C. (2006, Mai). Telephone counseling for smoking mothers: different contents - different outcomes?. Poster. 2nd meeting of the German Addiction Research Network, Dresden.
|Background : Telephone counseling for smoking cessation has been shown to be an effective strategy in enhancing abstinence rates. However there are some studies suggesting a gender effect. Women seem to benefit less from additional phone calls than men. One discussed reason for this result is that women possibly profit more from other contents of the counseling protocol.|
Aim : Aim of the study is to investigate, in a sample of smoking mothers hospitalized in mother-child-care-centers, the effect of two telephone counseling conditions that differ in content compared to a control group not receiving any counseling calls after an in-hospital smoking cessation intervention.
Methods : The project is designed as a prospective longitudinal randomized three-arm intervention study in a cohort of 960 smoking women hospitalized in 20 mother-child-care units. Subsequent to a standard smoking cessation treatment women are randomly assigned to either no further intervention or one of two types of additional proactive booster interventions. The first one is a rather structured, goal-directed counseling protocol, tailored to different stages in the change process, the other one is non-directive and primarily supportive.
Results : Presented here are intermediate results of the 6-month-follow up. 244 participants have completed the study so far. Data show an overall continuous abstinence rate of 19,7%. There are no significant differences between the three intervention groups (no telephone counseling: 17,0%, structured telephone counseling: 21,8%, supportive telephone counseling: 20,8%; ITT-analysis).
Conclusion : With a continuous abstinence rate of about 20% after 6 months, the in-hospital intervention reaches considerable effectiveness. There were no significant differences between the two telephone counseling protocols. Content of counseling does not seem to make a difference. Due to the currently small sample size the study may not yet have the power to detect any existing differences. The results will be discussed in the light of the experiences made so far.